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Simple and Complex Urology Diseases - When to Consult a Urologist

Urologic disease or conditions affects men or women of all ages, as this is related to your urinary tract or reproductive health. What you think is normal can be a sign of a potential health problem if not diagnosed prematurely. These conditions are common but can be treated at their early stage to prevent further progression of any disease.

Whether your urologic condition is simple or complex, our Urology specialists are experts in providing you with the best possible treatment for a better and healthy lifestyle. You should always discuss with your Physician your health problem even if you feel embarrassed about your condition, we are here to help you.

There are many types of Urologic disorders and diseases, the following are some of the conditions that you should be aware of:


  • Pheochromocytoma (Adrenal Medulla Tumor)

There are two adrenal glands which are located on top of each kidney. They produce the body’s hormone controlling the heart rate, and blood pressure and help to regulate metabolism.

Pheochromocytoma is a rare type of tumor that grows inside the middle part of the Adrenal glands resulting in the overproduction of adrenaline (epinephrine) and noradrenaline (norepinephrine). This condition causes the adrenal glands to produce these excessive hormones causing Irregular high blood pressure, which could cause heart attacks or stroke.

Symptoms: Some of the common symptoms are headache, pounding heartbeat, fast pulse, anxiety, and excessive sweating

Treatment: Pheochromocytoma can be treated by surgically removing the tumor. Usually, this can be done using a minimally invasive procedure (laparoscopic surgery) and removing part, one, or both adrenal glands.

  • Adrenal Cancer or Tumor / Mass

The body has 2 adrenal glands, which are found above each kidney. Their function is to maintain the hormones in the body in balance to be in good health. They secrete hormones such as adrenaline (or epinephrine) and noradrenaline (or norepinephrine). These hormones affect your blood pressure, heart rate, and sweat.

Adrenal Cancer is not common and non-cancerous (benign tumor). Doctors may request tests to find or diagnose a tumor. This may show in your blood tests and urine, if there is an abnormal hormone level, there is a possible chance that it may be because of the tumor.

Symptoms: Some symptoms are caused when the tumor/mass is enlarged and pressing on other areas causing weakness, belly or back pain, muscle cramps, unexplained weight gain or weight loss. You may need to see your doctor if you have any or all of these symptoms.

Treatment: To diagnose if you have adrenal cancer, you will need to undergo certain exams and diagnostic tests. Your treatment depends on several factors like the type and stage of adrenal cancer and based also on your diagnostic test results, it is important to discuss this with your physician.

    • Adrenalectomy, a surgical procedure to remove tumors (benign or cancerous)
    • Chemotherapy may be needed if cancer cells are found
    • Radiation therapy
    • Medicines to control hormone

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